How many hours do you spend at work each week?
Data from the OECD suggests that New Zealanders are a hard working bunch, with an ‘average’ full time work week of 43.3 hours. But at the same time, StatsNZ data show that the proportion of people working 50 hours or more a week has reduced over the last 15 years. Indeed, the data show that New Zealanders tend to be working less than they were in 2001.
Of course, what we do and how we feel about it are often very different. Social scientists have spent quite a bit of time working out why so many us feel like we are working harder when we don’t seem to be. We’ve talked about that research elsewhere but the short version is that the number of choices we have about how we use our time influences how we feel about that time.
The international research shows that reducing working hours will probably increase your productivity
But here’s where tracking working hours gets interesting: the international research shows that reducing working hours will probably increase your productivity. The economies that are held up as powerhouses of productivity, such as Germany’s, demonstrably work fewer hours than their competitors. Similarly, many of history’s most famously productive people did so working very few hours.
The argument for working four hours a day makes sense from a psychological point of view. As does one for having three day weekends.
The argument for working four hours day makes sense from a psychological point of view. As does one for having three day weekends. This is because you only have so much ‘cognitive bandwidth’ available to work with, and when you focus on one thing you have much less left over to focus on something else.
Eldar Shafir and Sendhil Mullainathan call this problem ‘tunneling’, and highlight how we tend to do more of it when we are stressed or time-poor. The irony here is that we try to work our way through periods of stress by working longer hours. But, as with gambling, that means chasing losses we’re never going to win back.
In contrast, working smarter seems to be both about working fewer hours (so we can both spend more time recovering and leave more room for serendipity) and to get smarter about how we structure those hours. The research here is also clear: multitasking is a myth (and one that is exploiting you), and we have found ourselves in a world where office designs are perfectly suited to enable the kind of interruptions that ravage our productivity.
We’d love to talk more about it but we’re off to go fishing …